Prostate cancer can be a disease that happens in the male reproductive system. This cancer is quite popular as by far the most reasons for death in the states.
The prostate itself accounts for manufacture of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is found in between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the disease we require finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This can be one answer for that question why this usually seen in men aged 50 years and the most often diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed in accordance with age, symptom which was not visible will be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by people who have the illness is pain, specially when you urinate, sometimes you may found bleeding in urination, and the existence of erection dysfunction.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, will be the antigen if this contained in someone`s blood, the physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer continues to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, depending on the stage. During the early stages may be used prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be done (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or maybe the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced from the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient was required to undergo hospital solution for 5-one week. Complications that could happen is the fact that impot-ence and incontinence uri. In patients who definitely are still active se-x life, can be carried out Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this technique causes physical and psychological effects that can stop being tolerated through the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, fails to require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done in the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the chance of surgical treatment is too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be accomplished in many ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without having to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (like redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done as much as five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive right on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The advantage of this particular type of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed straight to the prostate with tissue damage in the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The aim is usually to reduce the degree of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels are usually quite effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more commonly used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. One example is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration mainly because it has got the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given in the form of injections, usually every 90 days. The side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and imp-otence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to stop the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impote-nce, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often accustomed to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or mixture of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that will accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
The side effects vary and be determined by the drugs given. You must carefully think about the benefits and adverse reactions of both treatments to get the prostatitis treatment options that suited together with you.